With various announcements in the budget for 2017-18, two important trends that emerge are the thrust on increasing tax/GDP ratio and increasing capital expenditure. For the first time after FY08, tax/GDP ratio is expected to cross 11%. More importantly, a large part of this would come from increase in income tax collection, more distributive method … Continue reading Budget Trends – Increasing Tax/GDP Ratio and Capital Expenditure..
The most important and the first number any economist looks at while analyzing the budget is the fiscal deficit which has been projected to be 3.2% of GDP for 2017-18. However, other than that, budget also throws up other deficit numbers such as primary deficit, revenue deficit and effective revenue deficit..! So what all are these … Continue reading Budget – Understanding Deficit Terminologies…
The union budget for the year 2017-18, presented today by the finance minister makes no big bang announcements but the undercurrent is loud and clear. The society – individuals and corporate – has to become more transparent and more accountable; in FM’s words, a move towards ‘clean India’. The Finance Minister announced a series of … Continue reading Budget 2017-18 – From 'Swachh Bharat' to 'Clean India'..!
Contrary to perception of widespread unemployment, the annual survey conducted by ministry of labour shows that only 5% of the workforce faced ‘chronic employment’ during the year 2015. However, that is only a part of the picture as another 35% of the workforce got employment for 6-11 months only. The survey covers more than 7.8 lakh … Continue reading Status of Employment in India…
The swearing-in speech of Donald Trump and his initial decisions put a big question mark on the future of cooperation in the world economy. The talks on protecting US jobs, factories, imports tax, exports incentives etc has the potential to erode the gains of several decades which provided significantly higher growth rate and improved productivity. … Continue reading End of Globalisation..???
Commerce ministry has often lamented that Indian currency is significantly overvalued reducing the competitiveness of Indian exports. This looks contradictory considering the fact that rupee has been depreciating against all major currencies and is down by over 20% against dollar since 2012. However, there is a point in what they say. An attempt to understand … Continue reading Indian Rupee – Is It Appreciating or Depreciating..??
As the government prepares to present the budget for 2017-18 in next few weeks, all eyes would be on whether it tries for fiscal consolidation or gets into a populist mode. One of the items facing considerable attention is outgo on subsidies which has risen sharply from little over Rs 70,000 crore in FY08 to … Continue reading Government Subsidy – Where Does the Money Go..??
The year 2016 was marked by a large number of far reaching policy decisions related to Business & Economy. The government suddenly seemed to have shifted gears and announced/implemented a series of policy decisions. Some of the key decisions/initiatives are: GST – Passage of constitutional amendment bill related to Goods & Services Tax by Rajya Sabha was … Continue reading 2016, The Year That Was – Economy & Policy..
Even though the 50 day period for surrendering old notes after the demonetisation nears its end, the life of common man continues to get affected considerably. Curbs imposed on cash withdrawals on account of scarcity of new notes remains and doesn’t look likely to get lifted to anytime soon. Other than the inconvenience, there are large number … Continue reading Demonetisation – Success or Failure..??
The decision to raise the limit for issue of bonds under MSS (Market Stabilization Scheme) is a prudent move and brings this innovative scheme in focus again. The arrangement also shifts the burden of holding cash from the Banks and RBI on to the government and would help stabilise the money market. A look at the scheme … Continue reading Demonetisation – Absorbing the Excess Liquidity…